Patents are industrial property rights for new technical inventions. As intellectual property rights, they often form the basis for the valorization of innovations on the market. The information on a specific technical innovation made publicly available via a patent supports coordination and the knowledge and technology transfer between actors in the innovation system.

This indicator category compares the patent activities of selected countries. This comparison is based on the absolute number of transnational patent applications. In addition, patent intensities are analysed, which relate the number of patents applied for to the number of gainfully employed people in a country. This also involves determining the contribution of R&D-intensive industries to these patent intensities.

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